OREANDA-NEWS. May 23, 2016. eFuture Holding Inc. (Nasdaq:EFUT) (the Company or eFuture), a leading software and solution provider and a mobile business enabler to China's retail and consumer goods industries, today announced its unaudited financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2016.

First Quarter 2016 Financial Highlights

  • Total revenue decreased 16% year-over-year to RMB19.8 million (US\\$3.1 million).
  • Gross profit decreased 52% year-over-year to RMB4.6 million (US\\$0.7 million).  
  • Adjusted EBITDA was negative RMB8.2 million (US\\$1.3 million), compared to an adjusted EBITDA of negative RMB3.4 million in the first quarter 2015.
  • Operating loss was RMB14.7 million (US\\$2.3 million), compared to an operating loss of RMB5.5 million in the first quarter 2015.
  • Net loss was RMB11.7 million (US\\$1.8 million), compared to a net loss of RMB5.3 million in the first quarter 2015.
  • Backlog as of March 31, 2016 decreased 11% year-over-year to RMB137.0 million (US\\$21.2 million).

Mr. David Ren, CEO, said, As the overall economic situation in China is experiencing uncertainty, IT investment by retailers is conservative. Although revenue and gross margin decreased year-over-year, our innovative omni-channel solution business continued to increase in the first quarter of 2016. As a leading software solutions and services provider for Chinas retail industry, we plan to continue to optimize our software business, and gradually increase cooperation with the world-famous software vendors. In addition, we will continue to promote the omni-channel payment and cloud service business to provide the best solutions and services to our existing and potential clients in Chinas retail industry.

The first quarter has historically been our weakest quarter because of the impact of the Chinese New Year. While this quarter's software license revenue was greatly impacted by the micro retail environment in China, the growth of service fee revenue remained solid and continued to be a fundamental strength of our core business, commented Ms. Ping Yu, CFO.

FIRST QUARTER 2016 FINANCIAL RESULTS

Revenue

Total revenue for the first quarter 2016 decreased 16% to RMB19.8 million (US\\$3.1 million) from RMB23.6 million in the first quarter 2015.

Revenue Breakdown

?1Q151Q16
RMB 000RMB 000USD 000Y-o-Y  Change
Software revenue6,5333,319515 -49%
Hardware revenue1,913646100 -66%
Service fee revenue15,16915,8472,458 4%
Total23,61519,8123,073 -16%

Software revenue for the first quarter 2016 decreased 49% year-over-year to RMB3.3 million (US\\$0.5 million) from RMB6.5 million in the first quarter 2015. The decrease was primarily attributable to the continued reduction of new physical retail stores under the current macro economy condition.

Hardware revenue for the first quarter 2016 decreased 66% year-over-year to RMB0.6 million (US\\$0.1 million) from RMB1.9 million in the first quarter 2015. The decrease was a result of the completion of a one-off project in the shopping mall industry in the first quarter 2015.

Service fee revenue for the first quarter 2016 increased 4% year-over-year to RMB15.8 million (US\\$2.5 million) from RMB15.2 million in the first quarter 2015. This was primarily attributable to an increase in maintenance service fee revenue in the first quarter 2016.

Cost of Revenue

Cost of revenue for the first quarter 2016 increased 9% to RMB15.2 million (US\\$2.4 million) from RMB13.9 million in the first quarter 2015. The increase was primarily attributable to the increased amortization of software costs associated with innovative project development from previous years.

Cost of Revenue Breakdown

 1Q151Q16
 RMB 000RMB 000USD 000Y-o-Y  Change
Cost of software revenue2,06537057 -82%
Cost of hardware revenue1,58454785 -65%
Cost of service fee revenue9,31411,3641,762  22%
Amortization of software costs9512,913452 206%
Total13,91415,1942,356  9%

Gross Profit and Gross Margin

Gross profit for the first quarter 2016 was RMB4.6 million (US\\$0.7 million), compared with RMB9.7 million for the first quarter 2015, and consolidated gross margin for the first quarter 2016 was 23%, compared with 41% in the first quarter 2015. The decrease was mainly due to a lower proportion of high-margin software revenue, as well as increased amortization of software costs associated with innovative project development from previous years in the first quarter 2016.

Operating Expenses

Research and development (R&D) expenses remained stable for the first quarter 2016 and 2015, both of which were RMB0.8 million.

General and administrative expenses (G&A) for the first quarter 2016 increased 78% year-over-year to RMB11.1 million (US\\$1.7 million), representing 56% of total revenue, compared with RMB6.2 million, or 26% of total revenue in the first quarter 2015. The increase was primarily attributable to the increase of share-based compensation expense and related expenditure associated with shares granted in January 2016 under share incentive plan, as well as legal counsels service fee expenditure in the first quarter 2016.

Selling and distribution (S&D) expenses for the first quarter 2016 decreased 9% year-over-year to RMB7.4 million (US\\$1.1 million), representing 37% of total revenue, compared with RMB8.2 million, or 35% of total revenue in the first quarter 2015. The decrease was in line with the decrease in software revenue.

Operating Loss

Operating loss in the first quarter 2016 was RMB14.7 million (US\\$2.3 million), compared to operating loss of RMB5.5 million in the first quarter 2015.

Net Loss/Adjusted Net Loss and Loss Per Share/Adjusted Loss Per Share

First quarter 2016 net loss was RMB11.7 million (US\\$1.8 million), compared with a net loss of RMB5.3 million for the first quarter 2015. Adjusted net loss for the first quarter 2016 was RMB5.7 million (US\\$0.9 million), compared with an adjusted net loss of RMB3.7 million for the first quarter 2015.

Basic loss per share in the first quarter 2016 was RMB2.20 (US\\$0.34), compared to basic loss per share of RMB1.25 in the first quarter 2015. Diluted loss per share in the first quarter 2016 was RMB2.10 (US\\$0.34), compared to diluted loss per share of RMB1.25 in the first quarter 2015.  Adjusted diluted loss per share was RMB1.08 (US\\$0.17), compared to RMB0.87 in the first quarter 2015.

EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA for the first quarter 2016 was negative RMB8.2 million (US\\$1.3 million), compared to negative RMB3.4 million in the first quarter 2015.

Balance Sheet and Cash Flow

As of March 31, 2016, cash and cash equivalents were RMB31.6 million (US\\$4.9 million), a decrease of RMB65.0 million from RMB96.6 million as of December 31, 2015. The decrease was primarily attributable to the payment of annual bonuses, taxes and proceeds from the exercise of stock options and restricted shares to employees. Please refer to Update on Tax Inspection below for more information regarding the payment of taxes.

Total trades receivable as of March 31, 2016 decreased 16% to RMB45.8 million (US\\$7.1 million) from RMB54.7 million as of December 31, 2015. This resulted from the completion of a number of projects in the fourth quarter 2015, which payments were made by customers in the first quarter 2016.

Inventory and work in process as of March 31, 2016 increased 65% to RMB25.4 million (US\\$3.9 million) from RMB15.4 million as of December 31, 2015. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in the number of on-going projects, which have not reached the point of revenue recognition.

For the quarter ended March 31, 2016, net cash used in operating activities was RMB61.3 million (US\\$9.5 million). Net cash used in investing activities was RMB2.0 million (US\\$0.3 million). Net cash used in financing activities was RMB1.4 million (US\\$0.2 million).

Update on Tax Inspection

In November, 2015, the Beijing tax authority conducted a tax inspection on our wholly owned subsidiary, eFuture Beijing for the period from 2004 to 2014. Due to the timing difference between financial reporting and tax reporting regarding the realization of income from revenue and advance payments from customers, the Beijing tax authority has taken the position that eFuture Beijing failed, under local tax regulations, to recognize income and, therefore timely file tax payments. Based on our internal estimates, eFuture Beijing may be required to pay the unpaid taxes and possibly a fine and late payment fees, in the range RMB6.0 million  (US\\$0.9 million) and RMB30.9 million (US\\$4.8 million). In our previously filed US financial statements, we have provided adequate provisions for the unpaid taxes and there was no significant impact on the financial position of the Company. Although the Beijing tax authority has not yet issued any decision regarding the payment deadline of any unpaid tax or the amount of fine and late payment fees (if any), in first quarter 2016 eFuture voluntarily paid RMB4.2 million (US\\$0.7 million) to the Beijing tax authority to start to make up the unpaid tax.

SECOND QUARTER 2016 GUIDANCE

eFuture expects total revenue for the second quarter 2016 to be in the range of RMB26 million (US\\$4 million) to RMB31 million (US\\$4.8 million). Adjusted EBITDA for the second quarter 2016 is expected to be in the range of negative RMB5 million (US\\$0.8 million) to negative RMB1 million (US\\$0.2 million).

CURRENCY CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION

This announcement contains translations of certain RMB amounts into U.S. dollars (USD) at specified rates, solely for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations from RMB to USD were made at the rate of RMB6.4480 to US\\$1.00, the noon buying rate in effect on March 31, 2016 in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board. The Company makes no representation that the RMB or USD amounts referred could be converted into USD or RMB, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all. For analytical presentation, all percentages are calculated using the numbers presented in the financial statements contained in this earnings release.

USE OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

To supplement eFutures unaudited consolidated financial results presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, eFuture uses the following non-GAAP measures defined as non-GAAP financial measures by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission: (i) adjusted EBITDA excluding amortization of acquired software technology, amortization of intangibles, impairment of intangible assets, share-based compensation expenses and depreciation; (ii) adjusted net income excluding amortization of acquired software technology, amortization of intangibles, impairment of intangible assets, share-based compensation expenses and accretion on convertible notes; and (iii) adjusted basic and diluted earnings per share excluding amortization of acquired software technology, amortization of intangibles, share-based compensation expenses and accretion on convertible notes.

The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

eFuture believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding its performance and liquidity by excluding expenses that may not be indicative of its operating performance from a cash perspective or be indicative of its operating performance. eFuture believes that both management and investors benefit from referring to these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing the Companys performance and when planning and forecasting future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate managements internal comparisons to eFutures historical performance and liquidity. eFuture computes its non-GAAP financial measures using the same consistent method from quarter to quarter. The Company believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors in allowing for greater transparency with respect to supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. The accompanying paragraphs have more details on the reconciliations between GAAP financial measures that are most directly comparable to non-GAAP financial measures.

eFutures management also believes that EBITDA, defined as earnings before interest, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization is a useful financial metric to assess its operating and financial performance before the impact of investing and financing transactions and income taxes. In addition, eFutures management believes that EBITDA is widely used by other companies in the software industry and may be used by investors as a measure of its financial performance. Given the significant investments that eFuture has made in property, equipment, depreciation and amortization expense comprises a meaningful portion of the Companys cost structure. eFutures management believes that EBITDA will provide investors with a useful tool for comparability between periods because it eliminates depreciation and amortization expense attributable to capital expenditures. The presentation of EBITDA should not be construed as an indication that the Companys future results will be unaffected by other charges and gains eFuture considers to be outside the ordinary course of its business.

The use of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA has certain limitations. Depreciation and amortization expense for various long-term assets, income tax expense, interest expense and interest income have been and will be incurred and are not reflected in the presentation of EBITDA. Further, share-based compensation expenses have been and will be incurred and are not reflected in the presentation of adjusted EBITDA. Each of these items should also be considered in the overall evaluation of eFutures financial results. The term EBITDA or adjusted EBITDA is not defined under U.S. GAAP, and EBITDA or adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of net income, operating income, operating performance or liquidity presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. When assessing eFutures operating and financial performance, you should not consider this data in isolation or as a substitute for its net income, operating income or any other operating performance measure that is calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP. In addition, the Companys EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to EBITDA or similarly titled measures utilized by other companies since such other companies may not calculate EBITDA in the same manner as eFuture does.

STATEMENT REGARDING UNAUDITED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

The unaudited financial information set forth above is subject to adjustments that may be identified when audit work is performed on the Companys year-end financial statements, which could result in significant differences from this unaudited financial information.

ABOUT EFUTURE HOLDING INC.

eFuture Holding Inc. (Nasdaq:EFUT) is a leading software and solution provider and a mobile business enabler to China's retail and consumer goods industries. eFuture's clients include 1,000+ active retailers with more than 50,000 physical stores across China, of which about 45% were ranked among the top 100 chain retailers during 2014. For more information about eFuture, please visit http://www.e-future.com.cn.

SAFE HARBOR

This announcement contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as will, expects, anticipates, future, intends, plans, believes, estimates and similar statements. Among other things, 2016 financial outlook and quotations from management in this announcement, as well as strategic and operational plans, contain forward-looking statements. eFuture may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in periodic reports to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC), in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to second parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about the Companys beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: eFutures anticipated growth strategies; eFutures future business development, results of operations and financial condition; expected changes in the Companys revenue and certain cost or expense items; eFutures ability to attract clients and leverage its brand; trends and competition in the software industry; the Companys ability to control expenses and maintain profit margins; the Companys ability to hire, train and retain qualified managerial and other employees; the Companys ability to develop new software and pilot new business models at desirable locations in a timely and cost-effective manner; the performance of third parties under contracts with the Company; the expected growth of the Chinese economy software market in retail and consumer goods industries; and Chinese governmental policies relating to private managers and operators of software and applicable tax rates.

Further information regarding these and other risks will be included in eFutures annual report on Form 20-F and other documents filed with the SEC. All information provided in this press release and in the attachments is as of May 20, 2016, and the Company undertakes no duty to update such information or any other forward-looking information, except as required under applicable law.

FINANCIAL TABLES TO FOLLOW

         
 EFUTURE HOLDING INC.   Exchange rate 6.4480  
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS     
       
   Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) U.S. Dollars  
   December 31,March 31,March 31, 
    2015  2016  2016  
   (Audited)(Unaudited)(Unaudited) 
 ASSETS     
 Current assets     
 Cash and cash equivalents  96,654,067  31,617,739  4,903,496  
 Term deposit  10,000,000  10,000,000  1,550,868  
 Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of ?9,497,995 and ?10,499,704(\\$1,628,366), respectively  54,665,671  45,843,791  7,109,769  
 Refundable value added tax  2,179,123  2,444,148  379,055  
 Advances to employees  697,006  578,473  89,714  
 Other receivables  3,115,018  5,303,765  822,544  
 Prepaid expenses  1,275,727  4,477,282  694,368  
 Inventory and work in process, net of inventory provision of  ?4,240,846 and ?3,886,426(\\$602,734), respectively  15,370,905  25,414,245  3,941,415  
 Deferred tax assets, current portion  6,862,407  10,139,358  1,572,481  
 Total current assets  190,819,924  135,818,801  21,063,710  
 Non-current assets     
 Long-term investments, net of impairment of net of impairment of ?240,000 and ?240,000(\\$38,716), respectively  -  -  -  
 Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of ?8,197,906 and ?8,728,997(\\$1,353,753), respectively  3,473,877  3,579,798  555,180  
 Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of ?88,606,442 and ?91,519,132(\\$14,193,414), respectively  36,247,511  34,573,796  5,361,941  
 Goodwill  80,625,667  80,625,667  12,503,981  
 Deferred tax assets  998,139  986,744  153,031  
 Total non-current assets  121,345,194  119,766,005  18,574,132  
 Total assets  312,165,118  255,584,806  39,637,842  
       
 LIABILITIES AND EQUITY     
 Current liabilities     
 Short-term loans  7,307,997  5,543,097  859,661  
 Trade payables  16,733,672  12,179,935  1,888,948  
 Other payables  37,778,286  14,850,850  2,303,172  
 Accrued expenses  24,860,304  8,125,863  1,260,214  
 Taxes payable  18,008,279  7,277,794  1,128,690  
 Deferred revenue  40,784,536  49,181,891  7,627,464  
 Total current liabilities  145,473,074  97,159,430  15,068,149  
       
 Equity     
 Ordinary shares \\$0.0756 U.S. dollars par value;  6,613,756 shares, authorized; 5,218,615  shares and 5,240,365 shares issued and outstanding, respectively  2,934,894  2,946,113  456,903  
 Additional paid-in capital  262,553,349  265,992,496  41,251,939  
 Statutory reserves  9,114,319  9,114,319  1,413,511  
 Accumulated deficits  (107,910,518) (119,627,552) (18,552,660) 
 Total equity  166,692,044  158,425,376  24,569,693  
 Total liabilities and equity  312,165,118  255,584,806  39,637,842  
         
 EFUTURE HOLDING INC.    Exchange rate 6.4480 
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS  
       
   Three months ended
   Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) U.S. Dollars  
   March 31,March 31,March 31, 
    2015  2016  2016 Y-o-Y  Change
   (Unaudited)(Unaudited)(Unaudited)%
 Revenues     
 Software revenue    6,533,153    3,318,713    514,689  -49%
 Hardware revenue    1,912,436    646,366    100,243  -66%
 Service fee revenue    15,169,133    15,846,905    2,457,647  4%
 Total revenues    23,614,722    19,811,984    3,072,579  -16%
       
 Cost of revenues     
 Cost of software revenue    2,064,250    370,625    57,479  -82%
 Cost of hardware revenue    1,584,200    547,118    84,851  -65%
 Cost of service fee revenue    9,314,081    11,363,731    1,762,365  22%
 Amortization of software costs    951,221    2,912,690    451,720  206%
 Total cost of revenues    13,913,752    15,194,164    2,356,415  9%
       
 Gross profit    9,700,970    4,617,820    716,164  -52%
       
 Operating expenses     
 Research and development expenses    799,651    792,645    122,929  -1%
 General and administrative expenses    6,210,782    11,071,096    1,716,981  78%
 Selling and distribution expenses    8,171,021    7,407,266    1,148,770  -9%
 Total operating expenses    15,181,454    19,271,007    2,988,680  27%
       
 Loss from operations    (5,480,484)   (14,653,187)   (2,272,516) 
       
 Other income (expenses)     
   Interest income    134,607    74,198    11,507  
   Interest expenses    (245,170)   (100,811)   (15,634) 
   Other income    37,748    56,320    8,734  
   Foreign currency exchange gain(loss)    7,772    (359,110)   (55,693) 
 Loss before income tax    (5,545,527)   (14,982,590)   (2,323,602) 
 Less: Income tax expense     (251,781)   (3,265,556)   (506,445) 
 Net Loss    (5,293,746)   (11,717,034)   (1,817,157) 
 Loss per share     
   Basic    (1.25)   (2.20)   (0.34) 
   Diluted    (1.25)   (2.10)   (0.34) 
 Basic weighted average shares outstanding    4,219,540    5,335,363    5,335,363  
 Fully diluted weighted average shares outstanding    4,352,384    5,590,567    5,590,567  
       
 EFUTURE HOLDING INC.  Exchange rate 6.4480 
 NON-GAAP MEASURES OF PERFORMANCE   
     
     
  Year ended
  Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) U.S. Dollars 
  March 31,March 31,March 31,
   2015  2016  2016 
  (Unaudited)(Unaudited)(Unaudited)
 NON-GAAP OPERATING LOSS  AND ADJUSTED EBITDA   
     
 Operating Loss(GAAP basis)   (5,480,484)   (14,653,187)   (2,272,516)
     
 Adjustments for non-GAAP measures of performance:   
 Add back amortization of intangibles   951,221    2,912,690    451,720 
 Add back share-based compensation expenses   691,188    3,055,492    473,867 
 Adjusted non-GAAP operating loss   (3,838,075)   (8,685,005)   (1,346,929)
 Add back depreciation   408,375    531,723    82,463 
     
 Adjusted EBITDA (Loss before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) (3,429,700) (8,153,282) (1,264,466)
     
 NON-GAAP OPERATING LOSS AND ADJUSTED EBITDA, as a percentage of revenue   
     
 Operating loss (GAAP BASIS) -23% -74% -74%
     
 Adjustments for non-GAAP measures of performance:   
 Amortization of intangibles 4% 15% 15%
 Share-based compensation expenses 3% 15% 15%
 Adjusted non-GAAP operating loss -16% -44% -44%
 Depreciation 2% 3% 3%
     
 Adjusted EBITDA (Loss before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) -15% -41% -41%
     
 NON-GAAP LOSS PER SHARE   
 Net loss   (5,293,746)   (11,717,034)   (1,817,157)
 Amortization of intangibles   951,221    2,912,690    451,720 
 Share-based compensation expenses   691,188    3,055,492    473,867 
 Adjusted net loss   (3,651,337)   (5,748,852)   (891,570)
     
 Adjusted non-GAAP diluted loss per share   (0.87)   (1.08)   (0.17)
 Shares used to compute non-GAAP diluted loss per share   4,219,540    5,335,363    5,335,363 
     
 EFUTURE HOLDING INC.   Exchange rate 6.4480   
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS    
        
   Year ended 
   Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) U.S. Dollars   
   March 31,March 31,March 31,  
    2015  2016  2016   
   (Unaudited)(Unaudited)(Unaudited)  
 Cash flows from operating activities:      
 Net loss    (5,293,746)   (11,717,034)   (1,817,157)  
 Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash flows used in operating activities:      
 Depreciation of property and equipment    408,375    531,723    82,463   
 Amortization of intangible assets    951,221    2,912,690    451,720   
 Loss on disposal of property and equipment    239    (3)   -    
 Allowance for doubtful accounts    2,488,835    1,035,335    160,567   
 Provision for loss in inventory and work in process    -     (354,420)   (54,966)  
 Compensation expenses    691,188    3,055,492    473,867   
 Deferred income taxes    (251,781)   (3,265,556)   (506,445)  
 Foreign exchange loss    (7,772)   359,110    55,693   
 Changes in assets and liabilities:      
 Trade receivables    2,299,221    7,786,545    1,207,591   
 Refundable value added tax    5,694,643    (265,025)   (41,102)  
 Advances to employees    (505,057)   118,533    18,383   
 Other receivables    (425,716)   (2,188,747)   (339,446)  
 Prepaid expenses    (1,605,599)   (3,201,555)   (496,519)  
 Inventory and work in process    (14,216,844)   (9,688,920)   (1,502,625)  
 Trade payables    (912,482)   (4,553,737)   (706,225)  
 Other payables    (4,819,796)   (22,927,436)   (3,555,744)  
 Accrued expenses    (11,207,711)   (16,734,441)   (2,595,292)  
 Taxes payable    (3,753,732)   (10,632,524)   (1,648,965)  
 Deferred revenue    1,864,366    8,397,355    1,302,319   
 Net cash used in operating activities    (28,602,148)   (61,332,615)   (9,511,883)  
        
 Cash flows from investing activities:      
 Purchases of property and equipment    (88,585)   (737,401)   (114,361)  
 Payments for intangible assets    (2,432,197)   (1,238,975)   (192,149)  
 Cash received from disposal of property and equipment    50    1,799    279   
 Net cash used in investing activities    (2,520,732)   (1,974,577)   (306,231)  
        
 Cash flows from financing activities:      
 Proceeds from short-term loans    1,764,900    -     -    
 Repayment of short-term loans     (1,764,900)   (273,713)  
 Proceeds from exercise of options by employees     394,874    61,240   
 Net cash  provided by (used in) financing activities    1,764,900    (1,370,026)   (212,473)  
        
 Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents    7,772    (359,110)   (55,693)  
        
 Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents    (29,350,208)   (65,036,328)   (10,086,280)  
        
 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period    64,558,916    96,654,067    14,989,775   
 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period    35,208,708    31,617,739    4,903,496   
        
 Supplemental cash flow information      
 Interest paid    216,398    91,084    14,126   
 Income tax paid    285,767    216,855    33,631